Dreams and Ethnicity Portal

The IASD Dreams and Ethnicity Portal is offered by the IASD Diversity Task Force Advisory Committee (DAC) to encourage further understanding of authentic, culturally diverse perspectives on dreaming, and to promote increased ethnic diversity in all IASD functions: membership and recruitment, leadership positions, conferences and symposia, dream-studies research, publications, educational outreach, and public-relations efforts to advance dreamwork and the general understanding of dreams and dreaming.

Dream painting created by Alaya Dannu

This portal includes: photos and bios of IASD’s DAC members; a “Diversity Response” contact email; resources in the form of websites, publications, podcasts; and links to Diversity-related exercises for dreamers such as the powerful and healing dream-incubation exercise Dolores Nurss has initiated in the IASD Facebook Group.

With active updates from the IASD DAC, this portal is a means to advocate for greater BIPOC representation in the organization’s positions of responsibility and leadership, to reflect the rich diversity of traditions and perspectives in dream studies worldwide, and to engage in the practical application of our Principles of Community to all of IASD’s mission and work.

This portal provides fundamental resources to inspire further research in the areas described by the new Dreams and Ethnicity track for IASD International Conferences:

The Dreams and Ethnicity track explores dreams through traditional worldviews and welcomes dreamers of all ethnicities to submit presentation proposals of high quality that reflect their experience with dreams in relation to their self-identified ethnicity. In this track, the meaning of dreams is of spiritual significance to the waking reality of human life and identity. The Dreams and Ethnicity track supports IASD’s growth within a supportive multi-ethnic environment, and brings people who have a different contribution to make to the study of dreams forward in order to open up everyone’s perspective.

IASD’s Diversity Task Force Advisory Committee (DAC)

Edward Bruce Bynum
Dreams and Ethnicity track Co-Director

Edward Bruce Bynum, Ph.D., A.B.P.P., is a clinical psychologist. A student of Swami Chandrasekharanand Saraswati and a winner of the Abraham H. Maslow award from the American Psychological Association, he is the author of several books, including The Dreamlife of Families, The African Unconscious, and Dark Light Consciousness.

Jean Campbell
Advertising and PR Chair

Jean Campbell is an IASD Board member and Editor of IASD’s DreamTime magazine.  She is the CEO of the nonprofit organization, The iMAGE Project and author/editor of several books including Group Dreaming: Dreams to the Tenth Power (Wordminder Press, 2006) and Sleep Monsters and Superheroes: Empowering Children through Creative Dreamplay (Praeger/ ABC-CLIO, 2016).

Alaya Dannu
Dreams and Ethnicity track Co-Director

Alaya Dannu, M.A., endeavors to illuminate the nature and importance of ancestral dreaming, its ability to enhance academic and scholarly inquiry, and bring awareness to a matrilineal tradition that has not been explored or discussed within the fields of dream research or women’s spirituality.

NEW DAC MEMBER (3-22-2021)

Victor Lee Lewis
Social Justice Educator

Victor Lee Lewis, MA, founder and director of the Radical Resilience Institute, is a speaker, consultant, Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) practitioner, certified NLP hypnotherapist, Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) practitioner, and was in the award-winning documentary, The Color of Fear. He is co-author, with Hugh Vasquez, of Beyond the Color of Fear.

Angel Morgan
DAC Chair

Angel Morgan, Ph.D., President of the International Association for the Study of Dreams (IASD) is founder of Dreambridge, adjunct professor and research faculty at Sofia University, author of The Alphabliss of Miss, and Dreamer’s Powerful Tiger: A New Lucid Dreaming Classic for Children and Parents of the 21st Century.

Dolores Nurss
Membership Co-Chair

Dolores Jean Nurss, a freelance oneironaut, has presented on dreams for IASD, Mind/Body/Spirit Expo, and Fairy & Human Relations Congress, on multiple occasions each, and has hosted “The Outer Inn” throughout most of IASD’s PsiberDreaming Conferences.

Misa Tsuruta
Membership Co-Chair

Misa Tsuruta, Ph.D., received her Ph.D. in Cognitive, Social and Developmental Psychology from the New School for Social Research. She has presented at many past IASD conferences and other conferences. Currently, she has a small practice of psychology in Tokyo, Japan. Her book the Multicultural Mind will soon be published (in Japanese).

Bernard Welt
Dreams and Ethnicity Portal Archivist

Bernard Welt, Ph. D., is Professor Emeritus at the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design at George Washington University; a contributing editor of DreamTime; and co-author, with Phil King and Kelly Bulkeley, of Dreaming in the Classroom: Practices, Methods, and Resources in Dream Education (State University Press of New York).

Diversity Response

IASD’s “Diversity Response” email is diversityresponse@asdreams.org. This email reaches all DAC members as a group, and is a contact for complaints related to racial and ethnic identification in organizational activities. The DAC will work with the Executive and Ethics committees as needed. Diversity-related suggestions, requests, and kind words are also welcome at this address.



Videos and Podcasts

Ancestral Healing Dream.” Angel Morgan’s song emerged from an IASD Board Zoom event facilitated by Victor Lee Lewis.

Brewster, F. (2019) This Jungian Life podcast: “The Racial Complex

Brewster, F (2019). This Jungian Life podcast: “We Can’t Breathe: Facing the Pain of Racism

Healing the Soul Wound.” A Zoom Conversation with Dr. Eduardo Duran

Power of Dreams – Native American Dreaming

The Seven Great Mothers Reveal Themselves.” Conversation with Diya Prajnaparamita


Adams, M. V. (2002). African American dreaming and the beast of racism: The cultural unconscious in Jungian analysis.
Article on the embodied appearance of racial trauma in dreams.

Adams, M. V. (2006). The Islamic Cultural Unconscious in the Dreams of a Contemporary Muslim Man. Journal of Jungian Theory and Practice, 8(1), 31–40.
On the importance of awareness of culturally inherited themes in dreams.

American Psychological Association (2008). Indigenous peoples: Promoting psychological healing and well-being. APA special section.
A wide variety of perspectives from Indigenous people on the cultural foundations of psychological health.

Bain, B. (2020). Dreams and identity in Indigenous California [Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute]. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.

Bernstein, J. S. (2014). Non Shamanic Native American healing. Psychological Perspectives, 57(2), 129-146.
Article on American Indigenous dreamways that do not involve shamanic practices.

Brewster, F. (2004). The dreams of African American women: A heuristic study of dream imagery (Publication No. 3417869) [Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute]. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
A study of personal and archetypal elements in the dreams of African American women found concerns about family, community, and enduring themes from African cultures.

Brewster, F. (2013). Wheel of fire: The African American dreamer and cultural consciousness. Jung Journal: Culture and Psyche 7(1).
On the importance of a positive orientation to multicultural consciousness, in contrast to earlier ethnocentric views.

Bynum, E. B. (2017). The dreamlife of families: The psychospiritual connection. 2nd ed. Inner Traditions.
How ancient inheritances appear in the shared dreamlife of contemporary families.

Dannu, A. (2019, September). Ancestral dreaming and why it needs to be a part of the dream studies conversation. In J. Campbell (Ed.), Dreamtime Magazine. 36(3), 12-13.
An argument for the recognition of ancestral dreaming as a vital factor in the spiritual dimension of dreams.

Duran, E., & Duran, B. (1995). Native American postcolonial psychology. SUNY Press.
Offering an understanding of the role of inherited trauma and oppression in post-colonial psychology.

Duran, E. (2000). Buddha in redface. 3rd ed. Writers Club Press.
A narrative of the confrontation of Western and Indigenous ways of knowledge in healing and dreaming.

Duran, E. (2012). Medicine wheel, mandala, and Jung. Spring #87, Native American cultures and the Western psyche: A bridge between, 125-153.
Similarities and differences between Jungian and Native American shamanic approaches to healing and dreaming.

Duran, E., & Firehammer, J. (2015). Story Sciencing and analyzing the silent narrative between words: Counseling research from an Indigenous perspective. In R. D. Goodman, & P. C. Gorski (Eds.), Decolonizing “Multicultural” counseling through social justice (pp. 85-97). Springer.
Important political and practical dimensions to community-based dream research and other research in Indigenous culture.

Duran, E. (2019). Healing the soul wound: Trauma-informed counseling for Indigenous communities, 2nd Edition. Teachers College Press.
Directions in dreamwork with Native American peoples, recognizing traditional cosmology and worldview.

Elliott, N. (2013). Catching dreams: Applying Gestalt dream work to Canadian Aboriginal peoples. First Peoples Child & Family Review: An Interdisciplinary Journal Honouring the Voices, Perspectives, and Knowledges of First Peoples through Research, Critical Analyses, Stories, Standpoints and Media Reviews, 7(2), 34-42.
Argument that Gestalt dream work connects well with Canadian First Nations people due to shared premises regarding the nature of self and world.

Garcia, E. (2019). Skins of Columbus: A dream ethnography. Fence Books.
A distinctive hybrid of memoir, poetry, cultural history, dream record, and critique of dream theory.

Harjo, J. (2012). Crazy brave: A memoir. Norton.
US Poet Laureate recounts her personal history of overcoming trauma, guided by dreams.

Hill, M. O., & Mandaza A. K. (2004). The village of the water spirits: The dreams of African Americans. Spring Publications.
Researching African American dreams, Hill was drawn to Kandemwa, a Shona shaman, to explore the resonance of African dreams.

Irwin, L. (1994). Dreams, theory, and culture: The Plains vision quest paradigm. American Indian Quarterly, 18(2). 229-245.
An exploration of the cultural importance of the vision quest and dreams within American Plains Indigenous culture.

Irwin, L. (1996). The dream seekers: Native American visionary traditions of the Great Plains. University of Oklahoma Press.
An analysis of the content and social function of visionary dreams within American Plains Indigenous culture.

Jøregensen, N. H. B. (2020). The function of dreams in Syl Cheney-Coker’s fiction. Research in African literatures, 50(4), 108-120.
Cheney-Coker (Sierra Leone/USA) is widely respected as both a poet and novelist, praised for preserving and updating West African cultural traditions.

Morgan, A. K. (2014, December). Dream sharing as a healing method: Tropical roots and contemporary community potential. Journal of Tropical Psychology, 4, e12 doi:10.1017/jtp.2014.12.
A variety of community methods of dream sharing in Indigenous and other cultures can contribute to healing.

Morgan, A. (2020, September). IASD’s president’s address: Deeply listening. In J. Campbell (Ed.), Dreamtime Magazine. 38(3), 7-9.
IASD President’s address 2020 restates organizational commitment to openness and diversity.

Pickering, J. (2012). Bearing the unbearable: Ancestral transmission through dreams and moving metaphors in the analytic field. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 57(5), 576-596.
A paper arguing that contemporary healing dream work can address historical traumas unacknowledged and unresolved by dominant culture.

Seligson, F. J. (1989). Oriental birth dreams. Hollym.
Seligson’s collection of t’aemong, Korean birth dreams, offers his comments on the aesthetic and psychological dimensions of dream accounts.

Shafton, A. (1991). Why so few Blacks in the dream movement? ASD Newsletter 8(4):1, 12-14.
A statement on how dream organizations need self-examination to extend diversity and inclusion.

Shafton, A. (2002). Dream singers: The African American way with dreams. Wiley.
A study of dream themes, dream practices, and dream theory in African American communities.

Shafton, A (2003). African Americans and predictive dreams. DreamTime Magazine.
Short report on an extensive study of African American dreamers, finding that predictive dreams are not attributed to a psychic “faculty of mind,” but a state of spiritual awareness.

Spindler, G., and Spindler, L. (1984). Dreamers with power: The Menominee. Waveland.
A study of cultural adaptation to European American incursion through dreams and dream practices.

Tedlock, B. (1992). (Ed.). Dreaming: Anthropological and psychological perspectives.
Contributions to the cross-cultural study of dreams and dream practices, with important statements on methods of study.

Tedlock, B. (2004). The poetics and spirituality of dreaming: A Native American enactive theory. Dreaming, 14, 183-189.
Anthropological study of the spiritual dimension of dreaming in Native American societies.

Todd, K. L. (2019). Shedding of the colonial skin: The decolonial potentialities of dreaming. In Decolonizing the spirit in education and beyond (pp. 153-175). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
An argument that attention to the inner world of dreams can help Indigenous people identify internalized colonialist culture.

Tsuruta, M. (2005). Dreaming in Japan: An introduction to dream practices and dream-related arts in ancient, medieval and modern Japan. DreamTime, 22, 16-19.
Historical consideration of the continuity of dream practices in Japan.

Tsuruta, M. (2016). Dream-related folk tales in Japan. DreamTime, 33(3), 20-21.
Dreams in Japanese folk and literary narrative.

Tsuruta, M. (2016). Cultural differences and similarities in dreams and personal narratives: A comparison between American and Japanese undergraduate and graduate students. (Doctoral Dissertation.)
Extensive comparative study of elements in the dreams of Japanese and US students.


In the International Association for the Study of Dreams Facebook Group, search “Dolores Nurss dream incubation exercise”


The IASD Dreams and Ethnicity Media and Research Portal encourages and reflects a commitment to diversity of perspectives on dreaming that is essential to the identity of our organization. We enthusiastically welcome suggestions for additions or revisions to this webpage, which may be emailed to: diversityresponse@asdreams.org Suggested additions to Resources may be sent directly to D&E portal editor: bernardwelt@gmail.com